Emotions are Georgia

Georgia Travel Guide

Located at the crossroads between Europe and Asia, Georgia has seamlessly integrated aspects of various cultures, while at the same time retaining its own unparalleled identity.

Georgia is a four-season destination. Although a small country, you can find here the Caucasus Mountain range, Black Sea coastline, curative climate, and mineral waters, national parks and UNESCO Heritage Sites, ancient history, diverse culture and traditions, delicious cuisine, rich wine culture, and last but not least, our world-famous Georgian hospitality.

Ski the Caucasus Mountains, Europe’s highest mountain range, in the morning and relax by the Black Sea coast in the afternoon.

Language: Georgian
Currency: Georgian lari
Capital City: Tbilisi
Population: 3.7 million


The history of Georgia is the history of struggling for freedom. Nearly all the largest empires in the world attempted to possess this land. But after all, we amazingly managed to survive and preserve our independence. There were times when several huge invaders at the same time struggled for having influence over Georgia. The reason for all these wars was the strategic location of Georgia between Europe and Asia on the major trade artery – Silk Road.

Dmanisi archaeological excavations prove the fact of ancient humans (hominids) living on the territory of Georgia. The human skull recently discovered here is 1.8 million years old and the most ancient on the territory of Europe. It means that Georgia is the homeland of the first European.

The Georgian language is one of the oldest living languages in the world and it has its own distinctive alphabet. First preserved samples of Georgian writing date back to the 5th century, including inscriptions in the Georgian monastery of the Holy Cross in Palestine, in Bethlehem desert, and Sioni cathedral in Bolnisi.

Geography and Nature

Georgia is a small country situated on the crossroad of Europe and Asia. From the south-east, it has a border with Azerbaijan, from the south – with Armenia and Turkey, from the north – with Russia. The western part of Georgia is washed by the Black Sea.

Tbilisi is the capital of Georgia founded in the fifth century. The population of the country with a total area of 69 700 square kilometers is 3 720 000 people.

It is amazing but on this small land, there are 26060 rivers and over 40 protected areas. That is why the vast part of the country is occupied by untouched nature. Here we have everything that the traveler can only dream about: mountains of eternal snow, mountain lakes, alpine meadows, canyon rivers full of flowers and fruit, palm coasts, natural canyons, ancient caves, mineral waters, and sulfur water pools – thus this place is indeed a heaven on Earth! 4 season destination; You can ski in the Caucasus Mountains in the morning and relax at the black sea coast on the same day. Georgia will surprise and delight you at every turn.


The country has a sound macroeconomic framework, an attractive business environment, and robust public financial management arrangements that are expected to support the post-COVID recovery.

Georgia’s governance indicators typically exceed Europe and Central Asia and upper-middle-income country averages (World Governance Indicators). The country also remains one of the most business-friendly countries globally, placing seventh out of 190 countries in the World Bank’s Doing Business 2020 rankings.

Georgia was initially successful in containing the spread of COVID-19, supported by timely and stringent measures that included border closures and lockdowns early on in the crisis. However, the initial economic shock was severe, with the economy contracting by 16.6 percent year-on-year (y-o-y) in April.

With infections under control, restrictions were gradually loosened and the economy started to recover, with the GDP contraction narrowing to 5.3 percent y-o-y by August 2020. 

People and Culture

Georgians are friendly and hospitable people who welcome guests and treat them like family. Hospitality takes a very strong and special position in Georgian tradition and mentality. There is a saying that “a guest is a gift from God”. For Georgians however, this is not only a saying but in fact the way they consider a guest. When a guest enters into this sphere he or she will be subject to the same: The whole family will put all efforts into pleasing the guest, assuring that the guest is comfortable and happy. They will offer the guest the best of what they possibly can provide.

You are about to discover a country of diverse culture, rich history, and unique artifacts. Georgia is home to the first human outside of Africa who settled down here about 2 million years ago. Georgia is an ancient country at the crossroads of the Eastern and Western civilizations, where the European and Asian way of life and traditions merge for thousands of years. Indeed this country has a lot of amazing things to show you and tell you!

It is impossible to visit Georgia and not get charmed by its traditional architecture, which counts more than 1300 years. On the streets of the city, river canyons, and mountain peaks you will see ancient unique domed temples painted with frescoes created based on Bible.

Georgian polyphonic music is globally prominent for its special harmonious sonority. Since 2001, Georgian polyphonic music is among UNESCO’s world intangible cultural heritage list.

Important Dates

  • January 1: New Year’s Day
  • January 2: New Year Holiday
  • January 7: Orthodox Christmas Day
  • January 19: Orthodox Epiphany
  • March 3: Mother’s Day
  • March 8: International Women’s Day
  • April 9: Independence Restoration Day
  • April 30: Orthodox Good Friday
  • May 1: Orthodox Easter Saturday
  • May 2: Orthodox Easter Sunday
  • May 3: Orthodox Easter Monday
  • May 9: Victory Day
  • May 12: Saint Andrew the First Called Day
  • May 26: Independence Day
  • August 28: Saint Mary’s Day
  • October 14: Svetitskhovloba
  • November 23: Saint George’s Day

Getting to Georgia just became easier.

Georgia today is by far the most visited country in the South Caucasus, and it’s easy to see why: its rich culture and astonishingly diverse landscapes make it an ideal destination for anyone loving history and nature on the grandest of scales.

From its green valleys spread with vineyards to its old churches and watchtowers perched in fantastic mountain scenery, Georgia (Saqartvelo, საქართველო) never disappoints. In recent years Tbilisi has emerged as one of the coolest cities in Europe, with a burgeoning club scene, world-class restaurants and a selection of natural wine bars that easily make it the hippest spot in the region.

Equally special are its proud, high-spirited people: Georgia claims to be the birthplace of wine, and this is a place where guests are considered blessings and hospitality is the very stuff of life. Gaumarjos!

By Plane

There are three international airports in Georgia: Tbilisi International Airport, Batumi International Airport Kutaisi International Airport.

Direct flights to Tbilisi are operated from the following cities: Munich, Vienna, Amsterdam, Paris, London, Frankfurt, Tel-Aviv, Athens, Istanbul, Dubai, Moscow, Donetsk, Kiev, Baku, Astana, Alma-Ata, Odesa, Minsk, Tashkent, Riga, Larnaca, etc.

From many other places in the world, transit flights are offered by International airlines like: AIR BALTIC, DEUTSCHE LUFTHANSA, QATAR AIRWAYS, TURKISH AIRLINES, UKRAINE INTERNATIONAL AIRLINES, CHINA SOUTHERN AIRLINES, BELAVIA, CZECH AIRLINES, etc.

For more information please visit the official website of Tbilisi International Airport:

By Train

From Baku (Azerbaijan) -Transcaucasus Railway overnight train, There are daily departures from Baku and Tbilisi:

Baku – Tbilisi20:4511:40 Daily
Tbilisi – Baku16:3010:20 Daily
Frequent stops and schedule delays are expected.

From Yerevan (Armenia) -Transcaucasus Railway overnight train Departures from Yerevan and Tbilisi:

Yerevan – Tbilisi22:3509:05 Every other day
Tbilisi –Yerevan20:2007:10 Every other day
Frequent stops and schedule delays are expected.

The rail link from Russian Federation is currently closed. There is no rail link with Turkey.

For more information please visit the official website of Georgian Railway:

By Car

Georgia is accessible to foreign travelers by road from Republics of Azerbaijan, Armenia and Turkey.

Currently available entrance points:

Turkey – Georgia

Sarpi (West Georgia/Black Sea coast). Distance to Tbilisi – 400 km, to Batumi -15 km
Suggested route: Sarpi (Turkey) – Batumi – Poti – Kutaisi – Tbilisi (415 km / app. 6-7 hrs driving)
Vale (South West Georgia). Distance to Tbilisi – 300 km, to Akhaltsikhe -30 km.
suggested route: Posof (Turkey) – Vale – Akhaltsikhe – Khasuri – Tbilisi (305 km/ app. 4-5 hrs driving)


Lagodekhi / Tsodna (Eastern Georgia). Distance to Tbilisi – 170 km, to Telavi – 50 km.
suggested route: Baku – Shemakha – Sheki – Lagodekhi – Tsnori – Gurjaani – Tbilisi (600 km/ 9-10 hrs driving; poor road conditions between Tsnori and Gurjaani part (30 km).
Red Bridge (South – East Georgia). Distance to Tbilisi – 70 km.
suggested route: Baku – Yevlakh – Gyanja – Kazakh – Rustavi – Tbilisi (550 km/ 8-9 hrs driving)


Sadakhlo / Bagratashen (South- East Georgia). Distance to Tbilisi – 90 km.
suggested route: Yerevan – Hrazdan – Sevan lake – Dilijan – Vanadzor – Bagratashen (Sadakhlo) -Shulaveri – Tbilisi (290 km/ app. 6-7 hrs driving; poor road conditions between Sadakhlo and Shulaveri (40 km).
Bavra (Southern Georgia). Distance to Tbilisi- 330 km, to Akhalkalaki – 40 km.
suggested route: Yerevan – Gumri – Bavra – Akhalkalaki – Borjomi – Khashuri – Tbilisi (480 km/ poor road conditions between Bavra and Akhalkalaki)


Upper Larsi (North-East Georgia). Distance to Tbilisi – 153 Km.
suggested route: Larsi-Stephantsminda-Gudauri-Tbilisi

By Boat and Cruises

The main maritime ports of Georgia are located in the towns of Batumi and Poti. They provide international connections with the Black Sea ports.

Batumi port is of universal type – receiving and sending all types of sea vessels and serving passengers in high standards. A fast boats conduct regular sailing routes. Ferries service passengers traveling between Batumi and Ilychevsk.

Ferries to Poti port depart from Ukrainian ports Ilyichevsk and Odessa.
More information can be found on ;

In Georgia we have diverse climate zones, that is why it is all year round destination. Here, subtropical and mild climate zones replace each other.

Summer is sunny, temperature fluctuates from 29 ° C to 33 ° C., and in winter – from -2 ° C to 4 ° C. It does not matter who you are and what type of vacation you like, this country will satisfy your every wish and caprice!


Discover Georgia’s best Destinations on each Season

Depending on the purpose of your travel to Georgia, there are different categories of visas that will apply to the occasion. Whether you are planning to go on a visit, study, or work and reside there permanently, you will have to apply for a different Georgian Visa, accordingly.

Certain international travelers may be eligible to travel to Georgia without a visa if they meet the requirements for visa-free travel. The visa policy of Georgia became comparatively liberal, allowing citizens of 98 countries to enter, reside, work and study in Georgia without the necessity to obtain either a visa or residence permit.

For more information please visit the official website:

All foreign visitors to Georgia can freely enter the territory of the country if they provide COVID-19 vaccine certificates saying that they have received two full doses of vaccines.

Non-vaccinated visitors, who are nationals or residents of the EU, Switzerland, Norway, Israel, the U.S., the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates, Bahrain, Turkey, and Qatar will not need to self-isolate. Upon entry to Georgia, including through transit, they will have to provide a negative PCR test taken within 72 hours (96 hours for visitors traveling from the U.S) before their arrival and undergo a second PCR test at their own expense, on the third day of arrival in Georgia.

Non-vaccinated visitors, who have traveled to the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland within the last 14 days are subject to a 12-day quarantine.

For detailed information please visit:;

According to the order of the Minister of Internal Affairs of Georgia, an alien or a stateless person, holding a driving license issued by a foreign country, shall have the right to:

  • Drive the vehicle before expiration date of the validity of a driving license issued by a foreign country, but for no more than 1 year upon the last entry of Georgian border, after that they have to exchange the license.
  • Exchange national driving license with the equivalent category and/or subcategory, without passing driving tests, this process should be taken before the expiration of the validity of an exchanged driving license.

Georgian laws allow you to pass the exams as well and get the license here if you don’t have any.

There are several options to travel in the city and from one city to another: Bike and scooter; Minibus; City Bus; Subway; Taxi; Air Carrier.


You can find out bus schedule and routes on the Tbilisi Transport Company web page:

A point to note: Payment can only be made with exact change or using a prepaid transit card (which you can buy in every metro station) via an honor system when boarding.


Georgian Railways webpage:

Air Carrier


Electrical current – 220 Volts, 50 Hz. EU. Standard plugs work throughout Georgia.


The country code is +995 and the area code for Tbilisi is 322.

Georgian mobile operators (Geocell, MagtiCom and Beeline) cover almost the whole territory of the country. Official language is Georgian; however, English and Russian are also widely spoken.



Wi-Fi Access

Wi-Fi is readily available throughout Georgia. Free Wi-Fi is available at many coffee shops, restaurants and public places. Find free Wi-Fi spots here.

Once you’ve decided where to go and you’ve started piecing together your Caucasus itinerary, it’s time to decide where to stay in Georgia.

You are able to visit hotels of all categories from International 5*hotels, to home-stays. Most popular are local brand hotels. There are certain places where your choice of accommodation can shape your entire experience. Georgia is one of those places.

You can check all kind of accommodation:;

Nothing tells you more about the spirit and culture of a country than its cuisine. Georgian national dishes are amongst the best in the world for their diversity and taste.

Regional Cuisine

Each historical province of the country has its own distinct culinary tradition that was refining for centuries. Especially distinguished and unique are Imeretian, Megrelian, and Kakhetian cuisines.

The secret of this taste is Georgian soil: a natural extension of a fertile, mineral-rich landscape fed by the pure waters of the Caucasus Mountains. It seems that nature harmoniously lives in products, that are being used to create unique, delicious, and organic Georgian dishes.

Traditional Georgian feast is called “Supra”. The list of dishes that will charm you at the “Supra” is endless. The Supra is led by “tamada”, who proposes traditional toasts. The head of the table “Tamada” is elected by proposed by the host. The Tamada must be a man with humor, the ability for improvisation, and a philosopher’s wisdom.


Many discoveries left historians no doubt that Georgia was the birthplace of wine. Ancient wine vessels made of clay, bronze, and silver; golden wine cups; wine barrels dated to the 2nd or even 3rd millennium BC, as well as vine seeds found in the ancient tombs of the Bronze age outline a continuous story of the history of Georgian wine.

Today, over 500 varieties of grapes grow in our small country, and Georgian wines are well known for their unique properties and characteristics. That is why Georgia is known as the cradle of wine.

Currency and Exchange Rates

National currency in Georgia is the Georgian Lari usually indicated as GEL. The Lari is subdivided into 100 Tetri. One GEL equals 0.25 Euros or 0.30 U.S. Dollars (as of February 2021). Get live exchange rates here.

Money can be exchanged at exchange points, as well as banks. Both are widely available in the cities (note: exchange rate may vary). For more information please visit:

Credit Cards

Card Payments are accepted at most shops and restaurants in the country (Visa/Master Card /American Express). Please note: extra charges may apply when paying with Bank Cards. ATM machines are available throughout major towns and cities.

Money Transfers

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Business hours

Monday- Friday from 09:00 – 18:00 or from 10:00- 19:00; (Saturday from 10:00- 15:00).

Typical opening hours:

  • Banks 9.30am–5.30pm Monday to Friday;
  • Bars noon–2am;
  • Cafes 10am–10pm;
  • Shops Food 9am–9pm,
  • Other shops 10am–7pm Monday to Saturday;
  • Restaurants 10am–11pm.

Unique products in Georgia

For Georgian unique products you can visit: Samoseli pirveli; Ieri Store and others.


Both men and women may kiss one another on the cheek in public places. Shaking hands is common, but women shake hands less often than men do. Either the person with higher social status or the woman is supposed to initiate greeting and define its form.

In the countryside, it is common to greet strangers. Men may embrace while walking in the street. In general, the closer the relationship, the smaller the distance at which people stand.


The great majority of the population belongs to the Georgian Orthodox Church, an Eastern (Greek) Orthodox church. Confessional identity is a strong cultural factor that defines the prevailing system of social values.

The majority of Georgians in Ajara are Sunni Muslims, as are a few inhabitants of the Meskheti region. There are also Shiite Muslims among the Turkic inhabitants in the southeast (Azeris) and Sunni Muslims among the Abkhaz, Ossetians, and Greeks. Several Protestant churches are active, with the Baptists being the most successful.

Most ethnic Armenians belong to the Gregorian Christian Church. There are small groups of Yezid Kurds, Russian Molokans and Dukhobors, and Jews; the population of the latter two groups has diminished because of emigration.

New emerging cults and sects, such as Jehovah’s Witnesses, meet with hostility and aggression from the established churches and the population.

Rituals and Holy Places

The great majority of Orthodox religious ceremonies are carried out by priests in churches. The most important ceremonies, especially those celebrating Easter and Christmas, are carried out by the Patriarch in Svetitskhoveli Cathedral in the ancient town of Mtskheta, or in the Zion Cathedral in Tbilisi.

Most Georgians belong to the Georgian Orthodox Church. Daily services are held, but many seldom attend. services are held in churches, as well as weddings and baptisms.

In some cases priests are invited to other places to bless new initiatives, buildings or organizations.

A good holiday, first and foremost, means a safe holiday. If you intend to travel to Georgia, relax about safety issues. According to Numbeo 2020 report, Georgia is the safest country in Europe and 4th in the world following Qatar, Taiwan and United Arabian Emirates.

You will feel complete safety while traveling around the country. Here we say that the guest is the gift from God, so Georgians will do their best to treat you with great hospitality. Friendly Georgians are always willing to assist you. You won’t need to take extra care of your pocket and handbag. Relax, and enjoy your precious time in this beautiful country.

It is safe to walk in the street during any hours of the day or at night; No one will disturb you here, though, just in case, the Patrol Police service monitors the safety in Georgia 24/7.

According to the recent research, police is one of the most trusted institutions in the country and about 74% of the population trust it. Georgia is ahead of European countries by this indicator. So be calm, relax and enjoy all the best things that country has to offer. We are waiting for you!

In case of Emergency

Fire, Police or Medical Assistance: 112

More information on