Visit Guide to Atyrau

The Atyrau region is located in the Caspian lowland, to the north and east of the Caspian Sea, between the lower reaches of the Volga in the northwest and the Ustyurt plateau in the southeast. The area of the region is 118.6 thousand km² (4.35% of the total area of Kazakhstan), population 645,280 people (2020). The region borders in the west with the Astrakhan region of Russia, in the north and in the north-east of the West Kazakhstan region, in the east with the Aktobe region, in the south with the Mangistau region.

Atyrau region can be reached by air, railway and auto transport. Atyrau is home to an international airport And has flights scheduled to 10 destinations in 4 countries. At present, there are 6 domestic flights from Atyrau.

The main attractions of the region
  • Monuments: Sultan Beybarys, Kurmangazy Sagirbayuly, Dina Nurpeisova, Khiuaz Dospanova, Fariza Ongarsynova, etc.
  • Pedestrian bridge: In 2001, the longest 551 meter pedestrian bridge across the Ural River was built in Atyrau, which is listed in the Guinness Book of Records (pedestrian bridge in two continents – Europe and Asia)
  • Museums: Regional History and Local Lore Museum, Atyrau Regional Museum of Fine and Applied Arts named after “Sh. Sariev.
  • Ak Zhaiyk State Nature Reserve: The reserve is home to more than 460 species of vertebrates, 292 species of birds, 76 species of fish, etc.
  • Aktobe-Laeti ancient settlement: The city existed from the XII to XIV centuries on the caravan route
  • Saraishyk memorial complex: Saraishyk located on the northern branch of the Great Silk Road, was the capital of the Golden Horde in the XII century.
  • Inder salt lake enchants with beauty and curing properties. Its mud and salty water is believed to relieve several diseases.
  • Naryn sands (sand dunes, barchans)
  • Lotus fields: In the Kurmangazinsky region lotus bloom once a year in natural conditions.

1640 The city of Guryev was founded (named after the Russian merchant Guriy Nazaryev).

1899 The first oil was received in the first developed in Kazakhstan oilfield Karashungul which gave start to Kazakh oil industry.

1992 Guryevskaya Oblast was renamed to Atyrau Oblast.

1999 Celebration of the 100th anniversary of the first oil of Kazakhstani.


March 14 Amal Merekesi / Korisuv kuni holiday is widely celebrated today, especially in Western Kazakhstan. On this day, after the long winter people meet in the spring, visiting each other and congratulating with the spring.

March 22 Nauryz: The national holiday “Nauryz” is the eastern New Year. This holiday personifies the arrival of spring, the awakening of nature.

July 1: National holiday “Dombra Day”.

Atyrau is approximately 24 meters below sea level. The climate in Atyrau is sharply continental, dry in summer, hot and cold in winter with sleet. Summer lasts long, rainless, dry and hot. In winter, there is little snow and it is cold.

The economy of the region is based on oil production. The region is rich in reserves of such natural resources as: deposits of borates, boron, salt ores, sodium chloride and potassium salts.

The largest enterprises of the Atyrau region are: Tengizchevroil LLP – production of crude oil, liquefied petroleum gas (LPG), sulfur and dried gas. Production branch “EmbaMunayGas” JSC Exploration Production “KazMunayGas”. Atyrau oil refinery, NCOC (North Caspian Operating Company)

    Atyrau region is one of the most dynamically developing regions of Kazakhstan (core development areas are petrochemical industry, oil and gas engineering, construction industry, agro-industrial complex and fishing industry), and successfully cooperates with more than 50 countries of the world. In the Atyrau region annually the oil and gas exhibition “Global Oil & Gas Atyrau” is held, in which representatives from more than 150 countries of the world take part.