Shamakhi Astrophysical Observatory


Visit Guide to Shamakhi Astrophysical Observatory

Located 1,500m above sea level in Pirguli village, the Shamakhi Astrophysical Observatory was established here in 1959 due to the area’s perfect climate and clear nights for stargazing. Visitors can enjoy day and night tours with visits to the museum and other buildings, while during the night tours you can gaze up at the sky through the viewfinder of a telescope.

Getting There

Located 22 kilometres north of Shamakhi’s city centre along a scenic road leading into the Caucasus Mountains, the settlement of Pirqulu is accessible by car or a taxi from Shamakhi city.

What to Expect

This is the largest astrophysical observatory in the Caucasus. While it continues to be at the forefront of Azerbaijani astrophysics today, there are also facilities for visitors: you can browse a small museum, admire the largest telescope in the region and even do some stargazing if visiting after dark.


Named after 13th-century astronomer Nasreddin Tusi, the observatory was established in the Soviet era in 1959, when it was used to great effect to study the stars and secrets of the universe.


  • Guide services
  • Taxis