Red Village Jewish Settlement


Visit Guide to Red Village Jewish Settlement

One of the largest all-Jewish settlements outside of Israel, this is the home of Azerbaijan’s Mountain Jewish community. Mountain Jews have lived in Azerbaijan for thousands of years and founded this village opposite the city of Guba on the banks of the Gudyalchay river in 1742. Visitors can discover local history and culture at the unique Museum of Mountain Jews, visit synagogues and other local attractions.

Main image: Ymblanter, CC BY-SA 4.0, via Wikimedia Commons

Getting There

Red Village is located opposite Guba city on the northern banks of the Gudiyalchay river, you can easily reach there by public transportation or personal car.

What to Expect

Characterised by its red-tiled roofs, this village is thought to have once been the only entirely Jewish settlement outside of Israel and the United States and the world’s last surviving shtetl. Its residents are Mountain Jews whose ancestors have been living in the Guba region for centuries. A landmark new museum opened here in 2019.


Founded in the mid-18th century, the village thrived under the protection of the ruling Guba khan, becoming a diverse yet closed community of Mountain Jews. And in the centuries since it has survived plenty of upheavals, maintaining its own culture and traditions, as well as the unique Juhuri language.


  • Guide services
  • Public toilets
  • Cafes/restaurants
  • Accommodation
  • Public transportation
  • Taxis
  • Shopping